What Does a Gynaecologist Do?

By July 12, 2017Gynaecology

Gynaecology is a medical practice that focuses on the health and wellbeing of the female reproductive system. It is a specialised field that comprises both medicine and surgery to treat a wide range of conditions and illnesses.

What does a gynaecologist do? Here we take a look at common conditions, common procedures and treatments and when you should see your gynaecologist.

Gynaecologists are medically trained physicians with specialised knowledge of the female reproductive organs. While general practitioners may be able to offer treatments for more general issues, gynaecologists are experts when it comes to women’s healthcare.

All gynaecologists are also trained in obstetrics – care for women before, during and after pregnancy and childbirth – as the two overlap in many ways. They perform a number of tests that examine women’s health, such as pap smear, STI tests or checkups for vaginal infections or urinary tract infections.

Gynaecologists also diagnose issues with the reproductive organs, such as cervical cancer, fibroids, or heavy or irregular periods. They offer advice and guidance to women regarding contraception, pregnancy, and childbirth; and perform minor surgeries and procedures to treat a range of conditions.

Common Conditions

Gynaecologists offer counselling, treatment, and management for a wide range of conditions that affect the female reproductive system – the vagina, ovaries, and uterus.

Common conditions handled by gynaecologists include:

• Cancer of the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, vagina or vulva
• Fibroids
• Endometriosis
• Ovarian Cysts
• Dyspareunia
• Heavy or irregular menstrual bleeding
• Infertility
• UTI or Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
• STIs
• Polyps
• Incontinence
• Vaginal Infections
• Pelvic Pain
• Painful periods
• Prolapse
• Menopause

Common Procedures/Treatments

Gynaecologists perform a number of diagnostic and surgical procedures for the treatment of conditions such as the above.

These include:

• Diagnostic procedures, such as pap smear endometrial biopsy

• Surgical procedures, such as the removal of fibroids or ovarian cysts, or treatment of urinary incontinence

• Hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) and hysteroscopy (inspection of the uterus)

• Infertility operations

• Diagnostic and exploratory laparoscopy

• Ultrasound

• Contraceptive procedures

When Do You Need To See a Gynaecologist?

Women are encouraged to see their gynaecologist at least once a year, but it is equally as important to get in touch regarding any concerns or issues they have anytime outside an annual visit.

Gynaecological concerns are one of the most common reasons why women visit their doctor – not necessarily for treatment, but also for consultation and advice. Prevention is key when it comes sexual and reproductive health, and early detection of conditions is essential for effective prevention.

A typical consultation will involve pelvic examination, screening, discussion about sexual health, medical history, plans for pregnancy, and ensuring any queries or concerns you have are covered.

If you have any questions regarding gynecological conditions, or would like to book an appointment, please don’t hesitate to give us a call. We will strive to offer advice and compassionate care in every way possible.